Effective anti-corruption must rely on a proper diagnostic of specific problems in each country or region, risk analysis, capacity and needs assessment, and progress assessments. All this pre-supposes the capacity to engage in original research that takes into account the local particularities and compare them with those of other societies and contexts. For this reason, the ACA will become the leader for basic and applied research on corruption, integrity, accountability, good governance and ethical leadership. It will engage in original research independently or in collaboration with equivalent centres of excellence in other parts of Asia and the rest of the world. It will also seek to enhance the research capacity on these topics themes across India and beyond.